My Son Sanctuary, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a great sample of the ancient Champa civilization located in the southern part of Vietnam.
My Son consists of more than 70 architectural works ranging from small to great size, devoted to Hindu Gods and Goddesses and the most noticeable one which was considered the protector of the Champa’s Kings: Shiva. My Son used to be holly land of Cham people from the 4th to 13th century. In the 4thcentury, in the King Bhadravarman’s time, after the construction of Tra Kieu, the religious center of Cham Kingdom was set in My Son to welcome Royal members and host important religious rituals.
Developing through 9 centuries, My Son witnessed the glorious, prosperous as well as declining time of the Champa Kingdom. By late 13th century, Champa Kingdom was attacked by neighbor countries and had to move the capital to the south in Binh Thuan province. Since then, My Son was decommissioned and no tower was built onsite anymore.
My Son was destroyed by time and wars and after being forgotten for hundreds of years, it was rediscovered and renovated by the French in 1898. Unfortunately, this complex was badly destroyed by American bombs in recently war in Vietnam. The majority of the central complex managed to survive the bombs and parts of the ruins have now been rebuilt.
All of the towers in My Son were built from red bricks and sandstone. The skilful use of red bricks and sandstone is remarkable, and the brick making and construction remain a secret so far.
My Son Sanctuary was honorably recognized as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 1999.
My Son Sanctuary is located in My Son village, Duy Tan commune, Duy Xuyen district, Quang nam province, 50 km from Hoi An town, 69km south-west of Da Nang city.