Hoi An is a beautiful town located in central of Vietnam, 30 km to the South of Da nang city. This ancient town, with more than 2,000 years history, once known as Faifo.
It was the principal port of the Cham Kingdom, which controlled the strategic spice trade with Indonesia from the 7th to the 10th century and was a major international port in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The culture & heritage is mostly from the Cham people whose Kingdom originally stretched from South of Hue city to South of Nha Trang city. The Champa’s most likely originally from Java. The original Cham political capital was Tra Kieu, the commercial capital was Hoi An and the spiritual capital was My Son. The Cham people were Hindu, by the 10th century the influence of Arab traders to Hoi An resulted in some converting to become Muslims.
At the beginning of the 16th century, the Portuguese came to explore the coast of Hoi An, then came the Japanese, Chinese, British, Dutch, and French. In the 18th century, Hoi An was considered as the commercial town by Japanese and Chinese merchants. For several centuries, Hoi An was one of the most important trading ports in all Southeast Asia and was an important centre of cultural exchange between West and East.
Today, Hoi An is a beautiful quiet town of about 120,000 people, well – known as an ancient city with its ancient houses, Pagodas, Temples, monuments. Hoi An is one of the nation’s most wealthy towns, a culinary mecca and one of Vietnam’s most important tourism centres. The old town of Hoi An is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.